AP Summer Institute






2015 Annotated Guide to the Thematic Learning Objectives

American and National Identity (NAT)

  NAT-1.0   Explain how ideas about democracy, freedom and individualism found expression in the development of cultural values, political institutions and American identity.  
  NAT-2.0   Explain how interpretations of the Constitution and debates over rights, liberties and definitions of citizenship have affected American values, politics and society.  
  NAT-3.0   Analyze how ideas about national identity changed in response to U.S. involvement in international conflicts and the growth of the United States.  
  [2014: ID-2 Assess the impact of Manifest Destiny, territorial expansion, the Civil War, and industrialization on popular beliefs about progress and the national destiny of the U.S. in the 19th century.]  
  [2014: ID-3 Analyze how U.S. involvement in international crises such as the Spanish American War, World Wars I and II, the Great Depression, and the Cold War influenced public debates about American national identity in the 20th century.]  
  NAT-4.0 Analyze relations among different regional, social, ethnic and racial groups and explain how these groups' experience have related to U.S. national identity.  
  [2014: ID-5 Analyze the role of economic, political, social, and ethnic factors on the formation of regional identities in what would become the United States from the colonial period through the 19th century.]  
  [2014: ID-8 Explain how civil rights activism in the 20th century affected the growth of African American and other identity-based political and social movements.]  

Politics and Power (POL)

  POL-1.0   Explain how and why political ideas, beliefs, institutions, party systems, and alignments have developed and changed.  
  [2014: POL-2   Explain how and why major party systems and political alignments have arisen and changed from early Republic through end of the 20th century.]  
  POL-2.0   Explain how popular movements, reform efforts, and activist groups have sought to change American society and institutions.  
  [2014: WXT-7   Compare the beliefs and strategies of movements advocating changes to the U.S. economic system since industrialization, particularly the organized labor, Populist, and Progressive movements.]  
  POL-3.0   Explain how different beliefs about the federal government's role in U.S. social and economic life have affected political debates and policies.  
  [2014: POL-4   Analyze how and why the New Deal, the Great Society, and the modern conservative movement all sought to change the federal government's role in U.S. political, social, and economic life.]  
  [2014: POL-5   Analyze how arguments over the meaning and interpretation of the Constitution have affected U.S. politics since 1787.]  

Work, Exchange and Technology (WXT)

  WXT-1.0   Explain how different labor systems developed in North America and the United States, and explain their effects on workers' lives and U.S. society.  
  [2014: WXT-4   Explain the development of labor systems such as slavery, indentured servitude, free labor, and sharecropping from the colonial period through the end of the 18th century.]  
  WXT-2.0   Explain how patterns of exchange, markets, and private enterprise have developed, and analyze ways that governments have responded to economic issues.  
  [2014: WXT-6   Explain how arguments about market capitalism, the growth of corporate power and government policies influenced economic policies from the late 18th century through the early 20th century.]  
  [2014: WXT-8   Explain how and why the role of government in regulating economic life and the environment has changed since the end of the 19th century.]  
  WXT-3.0   Analyze how technological innovation has affected economic development and society.
  [2014: WXT-2   Analyze how innovations in markets, transportation and technology affected the economy and the different regions of North America from the colonial period through the end of the Civil War.]  
  [2014: WXT-3   Explain how changes in transportation, technology and the integration of U.S. economy into world markets have influenced U.S. Society since the Gilded Age.]  

Culture and Society (CUL)

  CUL-1.0   Explain how religious groups and ideas have affected American society and political life.  
  CUL-2.0   Explain how artistic, philosophical, and scientific ideas have developed and shaped society and institutions.  
  [2014: CUL-5   Analyze ways that philosophical, moral and scientific ideas were used to defend and challenge the dominant economic and social order in 19th and 20th centuries.]  
  [2014: CUL-7   Explain how and why "modern" cultural values and popular culture have grown since the early 20th century and how they have affected American politics and society.]  
  CUL-3.0   Explain how ideas about women's rights and gender roles have affected society and politics.  
  CUL-4.0   Explain how different group identities, including racial, ethnic, class and regional identities, have emerged and changed over time.  
  [2014: CUL-1   Compare the cultural values of different European, African American and native peoples in the colonial period and explain how contact affected intergroup relationships and conflict.]  

Migration and Settlement (MIG)

  MIG-1.0   Explain the causes of migration to colonial North America and, later, the United States, and analyze immigration's effects on U.S. society.  
  [2014: PEO-2   Explain how changes in the numbers and sources of international migrants in the 19th and 20th centuries altered the social and ethnic makeup of the U.S. population.]  
  [2014: PEO-7   Explain how and why debates over immigration to the United States have changed since the turn of 20th century.]  
  MIG-2.0   Analyze causes of internal migration and patterns of settlement in what would become the United States, and explain how migration has affected American life.  
  [2014: PEO-3   Analyze the causes and effects of major internal migration patterns such as urbanization, suburbanization, westward movement, and the Great Migration in the 19th and 20th centuries.]  
  [2014: PEO-4   Analyze the effects that migration, diseases and warfare had on the American Indian population after contact with Europeans.]  
  [2014: PEO-5   Explain how free and forced migration to and within different parts of North America caused regional development, cultural diversity and blending and political and social conflicts through the 19th century.]  

Geography and Environment (GEO)

  GEO-1.0   Explain how geographic and environmental factors shaped the development of various communities, and analyze how competition for and debates over natural resources have affected both interactions among different groups and the development of government policies.  
  [2014: ENV-1   Explain how the introduction of new plants, animals and technologies altered the natural environment of North America and affected interactions among various groups in the colonial period.]  
  [2014: ENV-2   Explain how the natural environment contributed to the development of distinct regional group identities, institutions and conflicts in the precontact period through the independence period.]  
  [2014: ENV-5   Explain how and why debates about and policies concerning the use of natural resources and the environment more generally have changed since the late 19th century.]  

America in the World (WOR)

  WOR-1.0   Explain how cultural interaction, cooperation, competition, and conflict between empires, nations and peoples have influenced political, economic and social developments in North America.  
  [2014: WOR-1   Explain how imperial competition and the exchange of commodities across both sides of the Atlantic Ocean influenced the origins and patterns of development of North American societies in the colonial period.]  
  WOR-2.0   Analyze the reasons for and results of U.S. diplomatic, economic, and military initiatives in North America and overseas.  
  [2014: WOR-7   Analyze the goals of U.S. policymakers in major international conflicts, such as the Spanish-American War, World Wars I and II, and the Cold War, and explain how U.S. involvement in these conflicts has altered the U.S. role in world affairs.]  
  [2014: WOR-4   Explain how the U.S. involvement in global conflicts in the 20th century set stage for domestic social changes.]  
  [2014: WOR-6   Analyze the major aspects of domestic debates over U.S. expansionism in the 19th century and the early 20th century.]  
  [2014: WOR-8   Explain how U.S. military and economic involvement in the developing world and issues such as terrorism and economic globalization have changed U.S. foreign policy goals since the middle of the 20th century.]  


To obtain a copy of this page as a Microsoft Word document, send an email message to